- Indian traditional folk musical instrument
- Made with wood and bamboo
- Single string
- Generally played by the Sadhus and Sufis
- Handcrafted by the artisans of Uttar Pradesh
Gopichand is a one-string instrument most often used in traditional music from Bangladesh, India, Egypt, and Pakistan. In origin the gopichand was a regular string instrument of wandering bards and minstrels from India and is plucked with one finger. The gopichand usually has a stretched single string, an animal skin over a head (made of dried pumpkin/gourd, wood or coconut) and pole neck or split bamboo cane neck. These instruments are commonly used in kirtan chanting, which is a Hindu devotional practice of singing the divine names and mantras in an ecstatic call and response format. Gopichand is commonly used by Sadhus, or wandering holy men. Also, the gopichand is used for Sufi chanting as well as by the Bauls of Bengal.